What Does Matthew Mean in the Bible?

The name Matthew holds significant meaning in the Bible and is closely associated with one of the four Gospel accounts. In this article, we will explore the origins and symbolism behind the name Matthew, delve into the role of Matthew in the Bible, and uncover the unique insights his Gospel provides. Let’s embark on a journey to discover the depths of Matthew’s significance in Christian scripture.

Meaning of the Name Matthew

The name Matthew has its roots in the Hebrew language and means “gift of God” or “gift from Yahweh.” It conveys a sense of divine favor and blessing, reflecting the belief that Matthew was chosen by God for a special purpose.

Matthew in the Bible

Matthew is one of the twelve apostles handpicked by Jesus to be his closest companions and witnesses to his ministry. His prominence within the group is highlighted by the fact that his name appears first in the list of apostles in the New Testament.

The Gospel According to Matthew

Matthew’s most notable contribution to the Bible is the Gospel that bears his name. The Gospel of Matthew is one of the four canonical Gospels and is recognized as the first book of the New Testament. It provides a detailed account of the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Matthew as a Disciple of Jesus

Before becoming an apostle, Matthew worked as a tax collector, a profession despised by the Jewish community of that time. However, Jesus called Matthew to follow him, transforming his life and demonstrating the inclusive nature of his ministry.

Role of Matthew in the Bible

Matthew’s role in the Bible extends beyond being an apostle and author of a Gospel. He served as a bridge between the Jewish world and the emerging Christian community. His Gospel includes numerous references to the Old Testament, emphasizing the fulfillment of prophecy through Jesus.

The Genealogy of Jesus in Matthew

Matthew opens his Gospel with a genealogy tracing Jesus’ lineage back to Abraham and David. This genealogy highlights Jesus’ connection to the history and promises of Israel, emphasizing his role as the long-awaited Messiah.

Matthew’s Account of Jesus’ Teachings and Miracles

The Gospel of Matthew records many of Jesus’ teachings, including the Sermon on the Mount, the parables, and the Great Commission. It also presents a significant number of miracles performed by Jesus, showcasing his divine authority and power.

Key Themes in the Gospel of Matthew

Several key themes run throughout Matthew’s Gospel. These include the Kingdom of God, righteousness, discipleship, and the fulfillment of prophecy. Matthew emphasizes Jesus’ teachings on ethical living and the call to love and serve others.

Matthew’s Contribution to Christian Theology

Matthew’s Gospel has played a vital role in shaping Christian theology. It provides valuable insights into Jesus’ teachings on topics such as forgiveness, prayer, and the coming of the Kingdom of God. The Gospel of Matthew also contributes to the understanding of Jesus’ identity as the Son of God and the Savior of the world.

Matthew’s Symbol and Feast Day

Traditionally, Matthew is associated with the symbol of a winged man or angel. This symbolizes his Gospel’s focus on the humanity of Jesus. Matthew’s feast day is celebrated on September 21st in the Western Christian tradition.

Significance of Matthew’s Gospel Today

Matthew’s Gospel continues to hold great significance for Christians today. Its teachings on ethical living, social justice, and the inclusion of all people resonate in a world that often faces divisions. The Gospel of Matthew reminds believers of the transformative power of Jesus’ message and the call to live according to his teachings.


In conclusion, Matthew’s name carries profound meaning, reflecting his divine calling and purpose in the Bible. His Gospel provides a rich account of Jesus’ life and teachings, emphasizing the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies and the establishment of God’s Kingdom. Matthew’s contribution to Christian theology and his portrayal of Jesus as the Savior and Messiah continue to inspire and guide believers today.


Was Matthew one of the twelve apostles?

Yes, Matthew was one of the twelve apostles chosen by Jesus to be his closest companions and witnesses to his ministry.

Is there any evidence that Matthew wrote the Gospel attributed to him?

While the authorship of the Gospel of Matthew is not definitively proven, early Christian traditions and historical evidence suggest that Matthew, the tax collector turned apostle, is the likely author.

Why is Matthew’s genealogy of Jesus important?

Matthew’s genealogy of Jesus establishes his lineage back to Abraham and David, reinforcing his role as the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies regarding the Messiah.

What are some key teachings in the Gospel of Matthew?

The Gospel of Matthew contains numerous teachings, including the Sermon on the Mount, the parables, and Jesus’ teachings on love, forgiveness, and the coming Kingdom of God.

How does Matthew portray Jesus compared to the other Gospel writers?

Matthew portrays Jesus as the Messiah and the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies. His Gospel emphasizes Jesus’ teachings on ethical living and the establishment of God’s Kingdom on earth.